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Choosing home colours is a serious commitment: it requires attention and research, as the decision is influenced by personal taste, mood and current trends (I want to clarify that I have referred to multiple sources, apologizing in advance if I do not declare the various specific references).

“Each person has his own colour, a shade whose light transpires just along the contours of the body. A kind of halo. As in the figures seen against the light described by Murakami, everyone has his own iconic colour scheme, a sort of aura that surely tells something about himself.

Before the colour returned to explode even among the decorative trends, as in recent years, the most used tint was only one, to be applied throughout the home. The choice fell between neutral shades, such as taupe or between a wide range of grays and beige, reassuring, elegant and unpretentious colours. The bright palettes were considered bold; they could have tired or incorrectly altered the perception of space.

Meaning and properties of colours

White is the colour of light, it is revitalizing and pure, it contains within itself the seven colors of the iris. It is the most used shade for home walls (especially in the kitchen) capable of making any space bright and clean (see Nordic style). A safe choice for a timeless style.

Blue, magnetic and deep, is a positive tint elected Pantone of the year 2020 in the Classic Blue version. Melancholic in its darker forms, it brings us back to the sea, to the sky, to a journey, to freedom, gives us back concentration and inner balance. Sapphire blue makes the living area, furnishings and accessories special; in the most dusty shades like blue sugar paper it has a strong aesthetic impact in the bedroom where it accords with sleep and relaxes.

The pink colour is a great classic, it returns every year among the trends, changing shades thanks to sophisticated variations and more burned versions such as terracotta, versatile to accommodate the colour contrasts. It conveys conviviality and delicacy, always considered a refined and feminine colour, has now conquered everyone. The blush pink shade is ideal in the bedroom and in its darker versions, for the living room.

Green is the colour of outdoor life, of a house in the woods, it transmits oxygen and vitality. Suitable for any environment, it gives harmony and stability. Also for this colour the rule of nuances applies: lighter tones such as sage and mauve in the bedroom and more intense like artichoke green in the living room are preferred.

Multifaceted and neutral, gray is always at the top of preferences although it is often associated with flatness and monotony. Its nuances are discreet, stable and reassuring; appropriate in all spaces, accentuates strong colours and dampens excesses. Cozy in the bedroom in dove gray, in the living room and in the bathroom in more cement tones.

The yellow colour is associated with the left part of our brain because it stimulates the intellectual side, it is the color of creativity, of visual memory. In the kitchen, living room and bathroom it is declined in mustard tones (which I also used for my atelier home).

The importance of light

It often happens to choose a colour and discover it different once applied to the surface. This lack of feedback could depend on the rendering of the colour itself but in part on the so-called metamerism:     the hue that the colour assumes in relation to the light. Each pigment is iridescent with respect to the light source to which it is exposed. It is always preferable to choose the colour considering the context and conditions in which it will be applied. Some tones are more sensitive to this phenomenon, especially the shades tending to light and on the gray scale.

An environment in the north, little exposed to the sun, receives a fairly limited amount of light, with a dominant blue, this means that these shades will be more intense, but tones tending to anthracite gray risk turning off the environment a little too much. It is therefore better to favor light and warm shades that enhance the least amount of light.

The light coming from the South, already with a warm hue, makes the colours bright and bright: this allows to obtain an airy and energetic effect. Like the environments facing north, the environment will receive constant light throughout the day without undergoing large variations in intensity. This exhibition grants great creative freedom: you can easily choose between palettes with warm or cold colours, bright or soft.

East is sunrise and West sunset. In the east in the morning there will be a warm light and in the cold afternoon, in the west it will be the exact opposite. On the east side, the more neutral tones are to be favored to make the environment more welcoming, in the west you can choose colder shades: the light will gradually become warm and a nice atmosphere will be obtained.

Artificial light also matters. The choice of interior lighting is fundamental: the warm light will enhance the yellow and red tones, while the cold light will enhance the greens and blues.

Combinations and techniques

When two opposite colours are placed side by side we speak of contrast, as in the case of green and red, orange and blue, purple and yellow. If chosen with care and especially in the most current shades, the contrasts give personality to a space, but better not to overdo it: it is a recommended solution for the most creative souls.

At the opposite pole we find the balance approach. It happens when shades of different palettes are combined in perfect chromatic harmony, trying not to exceed the three colours per room: the dominant tone will cover about 80% of the surface, the second 15% and the third about 5%.

Camaieu is a French term that indicates a decorative technique in light and dark obtained with different tones of the same colour, combining different shades or nuances of the same colour. It generates delicate harmony between colours, but it is a fairly precise technique: for a good result you have to work with palettes in hand and be able to balance the tones.

Tricks to improve the space

The colours are able to intervene and change the perception we have of the volume of a space, enhance the strengths of a room or mitigate its defects.

To lower the height of the ceiling it is recommended to paint it with a dark colour, you will have the impression of bringing it closer to the floor. If the idea is to slim the ceiling, just paint it in a lighter colour than the walls and add a 20-30 cm perimeter band in the same tone as the ceiling. To give depth to a too short room and change the visual effect, it will be preferable to paint the wall opposite the entrance in a darker colour.

Colours and inhabited spaces

If the room is small, it is better to drop the choice on light colours, from pure white to its warmer shades or with a hint of pink, mix them with different opaque and satin finishes. If the space is narrow and deep, we can resort to tone-on-tone horizontal lines on the short sides. If the environment is not very bright, we try to avoid a gloomy effect, painting the ceiling with a light shade will give it air and lightness. To correct the perspectives, colouring one of the four walls could be the solution, the painted wall will capture attention by altering the perception of space.

Palette room by room

After evaluating the exposure and volume of a room, we come to the choice of colour, reviewing shades and hues that could be right for us.

The living room is the favorite place to relax, the space for conversation, hospitality and reading; it represents a lively point of exchange for the home and is often also the largest environment, the one we live the most and which must resemble us with a compromise of comfort and aesthetic research. Green light to the colour: candy pink, taupe gray, malachite green, chocolate, navy blue and neutrals such as Tranquil dawn, passe-partout tint for the transit areas.

After the stay, the kitchen is the most experienced part of the home environment. White brings a feeling of freshness and cleanliness, better to avoid painting the walls with dark colours.

In the bedroom it is important to try to balance the colours and create the right atmosphere. Colours chosen in harmony and discreet accessories, preferably in cold and relaxing tones that combine sleep. In the children’s room, cutting corners with intense shades will be stimulating for daily activities.

The bathroom is a space where you can indulge yourself: bright colours, tone on tone, natural tints. An intimate and comfortable mood, strongly recommended for the area dedicated to self-care. In addition to white, the colours indicated are blue and green, which can be declined in infinite shades

Good choice, possibly simplifying!